Your Ultimate Guide To Shade Sails

Why Shade Sails?

Shade sails, a type of canopy that is usually in the form of a triangle or rectangle, are also known as shade sails. The fabric is tensioned between anchor points, which can be support poles or existing structures such as a house, building, or roof. Their name comes from the fact that they resemble a sail. These structures can also be called hip structures, shade structures, or hip trusses.

The benefits of shade sails have seen a rapid rise in popularity. They cover large areas in a fraction of the time and costs of other canopy structures. These sails are especially useful for shading areas that receive more sun. Shade sails can be used for playgrounds or pools, decks, and patios, seating areas, courtyards, and gardens, as well as other places that require a canopy. Fabricators, homeowners, and business owners love their sleek, stylish appearance. Do sun shade sails actually work? Yes, when installed correctly, they do offer long-lasting and effective protection against the sun.

Shade: The Need for Shade

Shade is in high demand. Shade structures are required in many community playgrounds to shield children from the heat. Pools can overheat if homeowners don’t take steps to prevent it. With the addition of shades, backyard patios can be transformed into outdoor living rooms.

Shade sails, also known as sun sails, can be used to protect large areas. Sun sails protect from harmful UV rays. Canopies with sun shades are great for patios and pergolas. They are perfect for shade in outdoor spaces such as living rooms and parties.

Shade Sail Design Software

Many fabricators use shade sail design software due to the large size and irregular shapes of most shade sails.

Shade Designer uses simple dimensions such as length, width and pole height in order to create three-dimensional objects. The shade designer software can export the object and superimpose it over a picture of a site in Awning Composer. Choose from different fabrics, colors and poles for the final design.

After the customer has approved the rendering, MPanel can be used for calculating the compound curves of the shade sail. These dimensions are then fed into a cutter, which creates craft paper patterns. These patterns can be taped to the floor during the layout. Some shops use the MPanel report to create a pattern and tape it on the floor.

The width of shade cloth is larger than the standard cutter, making it difficult to cut the panels with an automated cutter. Fabric is very slippery, and mesh is not a material that can be held down by vacuum systems.

Calculating Loads

All shade sail attachment points and footings must be designed by an engineer certified in shade sail load calculations. These sails are large and can generate large loads at the connection points.

Building inspectors may ask for the calculation used to determine the loads, as well as how the poles and footings and the connecting hardware will handle these loads.

These calculations are often done by engineers using specialized software. Fabricators should begin with stamped, engineered drawings before they build any shade sails.

What to Consider When Designing a Shade Sail

  • Ideally, one side of the shade sail should be no longer than 30 to 35 feet . It is possible to have sails as large as 70 feet, but they can be very difficult to install and build.
  • Avoid long and narrow sails. Ideally, the shade sail’s longest side should not exceed twice as long as its shortest side. This is especially true for triangle shade sails. It is because it can be hard to spread the load across a narrow sail.
  • Triangles, and other flat shade sails, should be angled sufficiently to avoid rainwater pooling. It is recommended that the slope be at least 1 to 6. Slanting is required for larger triangles and flat sails to prevent sagging.
  • The strength of the fabric can be increased when installing shade sails in a square or rectangle shape by twisting it into a hyperbolic parabolic . This gives the fabric a three-dimensional stretch. A third dimension can be achieved by attaching the corner of a quadrilateral higher than any other corner. This distribution of tension leads to a shade sail that is stronger and lasts longer.
  • Shade sails were not designed to hold snow. They should be removed if snow is expected.
  • To prevent fabric chafing, shade sails that overlap should be separated by a minimum distance of 12 inches. If the wind is strong, the sails may rub against one another and damage the fabric.
  • When attaching a shade sail, it’s important to make sure that the attachment point is structurally sound. Shade sails can cause stress on many buildings.
  • Poles can be installed either vertically or horizontally. They are usually angled outward from the middle of the shade sail.

How to Build Your Shade Sail

Fabricators must make many decisions when building shade sails. Most of these decisions are about how to reinforce the sail in order to spread out the load forces. There is no magical solution to this problem but experience can help a lot.

Building Support Poles

Engineers should always calculate the length of the poles. The engineer will know how to best install the shade sail support posts.

Common Shade Sail Design Layouts

You can rig a shade sail in a variety of ways, depending on your desired look, space, and effect. You, your client and an engineer can decide how you would like to design your shade sail.

Shade Sail Fabric 201

Shade sails can be constructed using conventional fabrics, such as Sunbrella(r), but most are made from a mesh material. These fabrics were designed specifically for shade sails in nz. They have many advantages over traditional awning fabrics.

  • shade sail fabrics have mesh instead of solid fabric, which allows for water to drain. HDPE (High Density Polyethylene) is often used to make them.
  • They are easier to handle and wrinkle-free due to their stretchability.
  • These fabrics are much stronger than traditional fabrics, making them perfect for shade sail structures.
  • The shade sails are available in widths of up to 12.5″, which means that fewer panels are needed.
  • We recommend using a PTFE filament, such as GORE(r), TENARA(r) and Aruvo(r).

Shade Sail Hardware 101

Shade Sail Hardware are just as crucial. Fittings need to be placed correctly in order to withstand severe weather and tension. Each part is important, so you should take care when choosing and installing the shade sail hardware.

You can choose between two types of hardware to install shade sails. The stainless steel is preferred by most fabricators due to its durability.

The Parts of a Car – A Quick Overview

  • Brackets & mounting plates
  • Nuts & Bolts
  • Rings
  • Thimbles
  • Turnbuckles
  • Rope clamps
  • Shackles
  • Spring Hooks
  • Wire rope

System Sizes

When we refer to fittings as belonging to a “system”, this is a way of describing which parts are compatible. The sizes of systems are 6mm, 8mm 10mm and 12mm. for example, would pair with a 6mm wire rope. It’s as simple as that.

Final Note

Thank you to all the fabricators that contributed to this article. They have shared information to the benefit of the industry. Below are additional resources.